Game Design

I’m going Medieval

I still think the best part of being a game designer is the research part. I’ve had this itch of making an RPG game for quite a while. The time has come for me to do research on medieval professions. It’s amazing to see how many occupations have been lost to time and how many of them have survived in one way or another.

I’ll group them by activity names such as Innkeeping, Potion Making, Clothing, Scholar, Smithing, Jewellery Making and General Crafting. The list will hold a name of the profession and a brief description next to it. I’m planning to keep adding as I go so here is the state of the list as of July 27th.


Name Description
acater A present day caterer. A person who supplied food provisions to various outlets
ale-conner official who tested quality and measure of ale served in public houses
aledraper seller of ale
ale tunner employed by the brewery to fill ale casks (tuns) with ale
alewife woman tavern-keeper
boniface keeper of an inn
brewster female brewer or brewer
burneman carrier of barm or water for brewers
distiller brewer of alcoholic beverages

Potion Making

Name Description
apothecary someone who prepared and sold medicines or drugs; pharmacist,chemist
bottle boy pharmacists assistant


Name Description
accoutrement maker someone who supplied dress or trappings equipment – i.e. the equipment of a solider other than arms and uniform.
archil maker someone who used lichens to make a violet-coloured dye to use in the textile industry.
army clothier one who made clothes / uniforms for the army
back washer employed to clean the wool in the worsted manufacturing industry
bass / bast dresser employed in dressing fibre or matting
barker tanner
batt maker made the wadding used in quilt and mattress making
beater cleansed and thickened the cloth by treading it underwater with fullers earth (aka fuller)
beaver made felt used in hat making
beetler operated a beetling machine, used in the textile trade for embossing fabric
bender cut leather
billier / billyman operated a billy roller, a machine used in the cotton industry to prepare the cotton for spinning
boll looked after power looms in the weaving industry
bone button turner made buttons using a lathe
bootbinder employed to operate the machines which bound footware
boot closer worked in the shoe trade stitching together all the parts of a shoe upper
borler who made cheap coarse clothing
botcher tailor or cobbler
bottler made leather containers for holding liquids eg wine flasks or water bottles
bowlminder in charge of the vats used for washing raw wool before processing
brabener weaver
braider made cord by twisting threads or strips of leather
brailler made girdles
brotherer / browderer / broderer / broiderer embroiderer
bureler made borel, a woollen cloth with a coarse feel
busheler tailor’s helper
butner button maker
barker one who strips bark from trees. also one who prepared leather with bark, a tanner
billier or billyman operated a billy roller, a machine used in the cotton industry to prepare the cotton for spinning
borreler made borrel, a woollen cloth with a coarse feel
bowker a person who bleached yarn. english (chiefly manchester) occupational name for someone whose job was to steep cotton or linen in lye (a strong alkali) to cleanse it. a local term in some parts of lancashire for a butcher or slaughterer
burler a dresser of cloth. removes small knots or lumps in cloth or thread. in the process of fulling.
bushelman or bushelwoman tailor’s assistant who repaired or altered clothes
cambric maker a maker a fine linen (cambric)
canvas maker a person who made canvases a course cloth made from hemp. used for sails, tents, paintings, tapestries.
cap maker made caps usually worn by the working class
carder carded (combed – a skilled job) wool or cotton
cardmaker a maker of cards or instruments for combing wool
chapeler made and sold hats
cloth linter or cloth picker removed unwanted threads and lint from the finished material
clothier or clothesman or clothman person who made or sold clothes
comb maker made combs either for the textile industry for combing wool etc. or the maker of hair combs
currier a man who dresses and colours leather after it is tanned.
cemmer hand combed the yarn before weaving
deviller operated the devil, a machine that tore rags used in the textile industry
doubler operated a machine used to twist together strands of fibre (cotton, wool etc)
dyer employed in the textile mills to colour fabric prior to weaving
dexter dyer


Name Description
abecedarian A teacher of the alphabet
book gilder decorated books with gold leaf


Name Description
anchorsmith a person who made anchors for boats and ships
angle iron smith a person who made angle iron i.e. flat iron bars bent at an angle
armourer a person who made suits of armour or plates of armour for buildings or ships etc.
bladesmith swordmaker or knife maker
bloomer produced iron from ore, a bloom smithy
chainmaker for ships and such, large chains

Jewellery Making

Name Description
amber & jet cutter a person who cuts and polishes amber and jet for jewellery
amber cutter a person who cuts ambergris which is an ash coloured odorous substance used in perfumery.
depater precious metal refiner
diamantaire an expert in the cutting of diamonds into gems.

General Crafting

Name Description
alabasterer a person works with alabaster
arkwright a skilled craftsman who produced wooden chests or coffers (arks)
auger maker someone who made the carpenters augers (used for boring holes in wood)
aurifaber a goldsmith
axeman or axman one who wields an axe. woodsman.
archil maker made a violet dye from lichens, used in the textile industry
barilla manufacturer made barilla, a substance obtained from burning saltworts, the resulting mixture of sodium salts being used in the glass and ceramics industry
bellows maker made bellows used for organs or blacksmiths fires
besom maker made brooms
bleacher bleached cloth or paper pulp
blower glass blower, one who operated a “blowing machine” used to clean and separate fibres in the textile trade, one who operated the bellows at a blacksmiths
boardwright made tables and chairs aka carpenter
boilermaker worked with metal in any industrial setting
bone lace maker made pillow lace
bone mould turner made the moulds for button manufacturers
bottom knocker sagger maker’s assistant in the pottery industry
bowler made bowls and dishes and also a term used for those who made the rounded part of spoons before casting
bowyer / bower made bows used in archery
brasiler dyer
brightsmith metal worker
buckler / bucklesmith made buckles
bushel maker cooper
bodger one who used a traditional wood turning craft to make chair legs and spars – usually from green (unseasoned) wood. a carpenter.
bowdler worked with iron ore – a person who expurgates (cleanse, purify or purge) iron ore
calciner burnt bones to make powdered lime (reduced by heat)
candle maker one who made and sold candles
cart wheeler or wheelwright made cart wheels
cartwright maker of carts and wagons
case maker maker of ornamental/ jewellery cases. often worked in shagreen leather (shagreen – leather prepared from the skin of horses, asses, mules)
cobbler shoemaker
collar maker made either horse collars or male shirt collars
cooper or cuper maker of wooden barrels
cratch maker made cratches e.g. mangers, cribs, or frames
curer cures various foodstuff (eg ham, fish, tobacco)
caffler rag and bone collector
coracle maker made coracles, a small round boat used for fishing
clouter / clower made nails also another term for a shoemaker for the former term
dipper one who worked in the pottery trade and was responsible for the glazing of items
dish turner one who made wooden bowls or dishes
drift maker who made drift nets, used in the fishing industry
ebonite turner one who worked with ebonite or vulcanite, making combs or ornaments etc
ellerman / elliman who sold oil used for lamps and known as an oilman
elymaker oilmaker

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